June 14, 2022

What Is Alpha Pinene? Benefits & Effects

Written by - Mallory Milne

minute read

Alpha pinene is one of the most prominent terpenes found in cannabis and primarily smells like - wait for it - pine needles.

Terpenes like Pinene don't just exist in cannabis to give them their unique aromas and flavours. Unfortunately years ago scientists believed just this - that terpenes were present for no other reason than to provide a pleasing smell and taste.

Terpenes actually help plants to defend themselves from other pests or predators; within the past couple of decades, further research into the topic has taught us that terpenes offer medicinal benefits as well.

There are many different terpenes out there, each with its own set of properties to bring to the table.

Alpha pinene has been used for centuries as an effective anti-inflammatory agent. It is thought to help with asthma, can be useful if you have allergies, and may also aid in memory retention.

Where does Pinene come from?

There are two different types of Pinene - Alpha-pinene (α-pinene) and beta-pinene (β-pinene). Alpha-pinene is the most common form that you will come across in the majority of cannabis strains.

Pinene isn't just found in cannabis, you've likely come across it at some point in your life in many other forms - Pinene is a common terpene found in parsley, basil, orange peels, turpentine, pine needles, dill, rosemary, and conifer trees.

What does Pinene taste like?

Not surprisingly, Pinene tastes a lot like how it sounds - picture a pine forest, with earthy, woody notes.

Alpha Pinene Effects

The effects of Pinene are refreshing and energizing, and bring about alertness and mental focus. Contrary to strains like Myrcene, which is sedating, Pinene is a more uplifting terpene.

Alpha Pinene Benefits

Pinene has been found to have several potential health benefits.


Studies have shown that Pinene has the potential to reduce inflammation throughout the body. This is a great terpene for those who suffer from asthma, arthritis, or inflammatory disorders.


Pinene has been found to be a powerful antioxidant, and as such may help to fight against the premature ageing of cells as well as potential brain-related conditions like Alzheimer's disease.


Pinene has been found to be effective against a number of potentially harmful and disease-causing bacteria. This makes it a great terpene if you're looking to boost your immune system.

Memory retention

Pinene has also been found to counteract the short-term memory loss that may come along with THC use, making it highly beneficial for many users.


Pinene has been noted to have a calming effect on the mind, making it potentially useful for those who suffer from anxiety.


Multiple studies show Pinene as a potential cancer-fighting agent, and may also be used as a Broad Spectrum antibiotic.

What is Pinene used for?

Pinene is commonly used in many household cleaners and also as scent in the cosmetics and perfume industry.

Pinene is also one of the primary constituents of turpentine.

What strains of cannabis are high in Alpha Pinene?

Pinene is a prominent terpene, but not necessarily the most dominant one in cannabis - it comes in second to Myrcene.

Here are some strains that you'll find on the market that typically have higher levels of Pinene. Keep in mind that strains vary between growers, this may not always accurately reflect the levels; some strains may be higher or lower in Pinene than others.

  • Harlequin
  • Kosher Tangie
  • Remedy
  • Big Smooth
  • Blue Dream
  • God’s Gift
  • Grape Ape

Can Pinene get you high?

Pinene is a non-intoxicating terpene and will not provide any sort of mind-altering or psychoactive effects on the user. It is primarily used as an anti-inflammatory, a bronchodilator, and a pain killer.

Final thoughts on Pinene

Pinene is a terpene that you'll likely want to pay attention to in your next purchase if you're looking for anti-inflammatory and antibacterial benefits.

The piney taste and smell of this terpene make it appealing to consumers, but what's inside counts more than how it smells. Pinene has been found to have multiple positive effects on the body and mind.

It may not always be the most prominent terpene present in cannabis, but it does pack a significant medicinal punch. 

About the author 

Mallory Milne

Mallory is a mom of two, as well as the main content writer and owner of CBD Handle. She has been a consumer advocate and CBD user since 2018, and strives to relay accurate, easy to understand information and to educate others on the health benefits of CBD.


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